Master Biologie


This academic year, extra Erasmus+ grants are available for students who are going on internship or thesis in Europe. The students can apply for this grant before departure (https://www.wur.nl/en/Education-Programmes/Study-Abroad-and-Exchange-Students/Outgoing-from-Wageningen-University/Study-Exchange/Partner-universities.htm). Both EU and non-EU students can apply and the available grant varies between  €270,- and €390,- euro per month. Students can find more information on our website: https://www.wur.nl/en/Education-Programmes/Study-Abroad-and-Exchange-Students/Outgoing-from-Wageningen-University.htm.


Here you will find several Master theses. The newest theses are at the top of the list. If you can’t find what you want, you might find it at this site: http://tip.wur.nl. If you're searching for a PhD or internship, then scroll to the end of this page.

Thesis

 

The success of young fish recruitment in the Rhine River secondary channels

Begin date: March or June 2019

Contact: Twan.Stoffers@wur.nl & Leo.Nagelkerke@wur.nl

 

For 2019 we are looking for 4 enthusiastic MSc students who are willing to contribute to a big and unique ecological project in the Netherlands: a large-scale quantitative assessment of fish recruitment in secondary channels of the River Rhine. This project, initiated by Rijkswaterstaat aims at the evaluation of different management measures to enhance the populations of rheophilic fishes and the ecological quality of Dutch rivers.

 

We are interested in how juvenile river fish use floodplain habitats along the rivers IJssel and Waal. Fieldwork in 2019 will focus on assessing fish, macrofauna and zooplankton communities of 3 secondary channels in particular. We will also focus on measuring environmental variables and looking at habitat mosaic of these systems. This provides us with the opportunity to facilitate some amazing student projects with lots of fieldwork during the spring and summer period in 2019. We also have projects for students who are more into labwork or data analysis.

 

Depending on the exact topic and research question, thesis students are going to participate in weekly fieldwork and laboratory work, do data analysis in R and write up the results in a thesis report. If successful, you will be given the opportunity to co-author the article that will be written about the outcome. If you are interested in this amazing thesis opportunity, please contact one of the supervisors for more information.

 

Requirements: If you are interested in fish or zooplankton/macrofauna ecology, looking for fieldwork, are good with numbers, and have an independent and inquisitive attitude, this is the project for you! A driver’s license and a working knowledge of Dutch are of good use too.

 

Tracking the house-entry flights of host-seeking malaria mosquitoes in Malawi, Africa

This study will examine the flight behaviour of the malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae, around houses in semi-field conditions in Malawi, Africa. Using a stereoscopic high-speed videography system, we will track three-dimensional flights of host-seeking mosquitoes around houses. From this we will determine how these mosquitoes find and enter houses while searching for human hosts. The results will be used to adapt house designs in order to minimize human biting by malaria mosquitoes, and consequently the spread of malaria.

 

This position requires a diverse range of skills. The MSc student will carry out experiments that involve tracking mosquito flight paths using high-speed, high-resolution cameras and advanced, custom-made computer programmes. The student will work closely with study investigators to set up these experiments. The ideal candidate will have an interest in biomechanics, animal behaviour or medical entomology, and have significant experience with computer programming (preferably Python). She/he must be tech-savvy, possess excellent troubleshooting skills and have prior research experience. She/he should be able to work well within a multidisciplinary, international team as well as independently. The data collection will be done over a ~2-month period in Malawi, Africa.

 

If you are interested, please send an email to the supervisors:

Florian Muijres (florian.muijres@wur.nl)

Jeroen Spitzen (jeroen.spitzen@wur.nl)

Robert McCann (robert.mccann@wur.nl)

 

Discovery of taste qualities of beer and other food products using our novel receptomics technology

 

Recently published work from our group describes a novel sensing technology that has been developed at the lab of the Plant Sciences department Bioscience. See link below

Our bodies express a wide variety of receptors – proteins that detect substances and pass on signals to the cell to which they are linked. We have receptors in our nose and tongue for detecting aromas and flavours, for example, but also for hormones in our intestines which ensure that our intestinal cells take the proper action, such as absorbing or digesting a certain nutrient from the intestine. All these receptor proteins are encoded by genes in our DNA.

In this project the student will prepare DNA chips coding for a range of taste receptors. These DNA chips will be used to create a living cell array in a microfluidic system. This system allows the controlled exposure of samples like beer to the living cell array. Recordings from a fluorescence microscope form the basis for an activation fingerprint that allows us to identify specific taste qualities in the food products.

 

If you are interested to work in an dynamic lab and have affinity with molecular biology, cell biology and microscopy this project might be what you are looking for. We need master students with independent and inquisitive attitude, who feel at home in the lab but also have basic computer skills and good communication skills. This project provides you with the opportunity to gain hands on experience in many different fields from tissue culture to fluorescence microscopy and data processing. You will be trained in analytical thinking, experimental design and critical reflection.

 

Are you interested, please contact Margriet Roelse (margriet.roelse@wur.nl)

Website: www.receptomics.com

 

Frankincense Tree Distribution: Mapping and Modelling

 

Contact: Frans.Bongers@wur.nl

Begin Date: October 2018 (or as soon as possible)
End Date:April 2019

Requirements: FEM-30306 Forest Ecology and Forest Management; REG-31806 Ecological Methods I; GIS courses. Alternatives are discussable.

 

The general problem:

The iconic frankincense is a resin from Boswellia trees (a genus with ca 19 species) that grow in dry areas in the Sahel, Horn of Africa, Southern Arabian peninsula and India. The resin is used as incense, for perfumes, in essential oils and as part of medicines. Most of the Boswellia species are under threat: distributions shrink, population quality is diminishing, and sustainable management and use is still beyond reach. This put severe pressure on the long term availability of the resource and its precious resin.

 

The project:

This study is part of FRAME, a research program focusing on sustainable use and management of frankincense.

 

MSc Thesis:

This MSc project uses available location data to determine distributions of all the species, connects these distributions to available climatic, soil, and elevation data, compares these relationships to locally available climate and soil data, and possibly predicts changes in distributions based on projected climate change.

Available data are from herbarium records, and botanical and forestry inventories. Distribution maps and environmental envelopes of these species are highly needed, not in the least to predict possible future changes in their distributions.  

 

Data and Methods:

Much data on Boswellia distributions (locations or herbarium records, inventory points) are available already in the project. You will determine environmental (climate, soil, elevation)  envelopes of all species, using available data (eg internet open sources). You will produce maps with actual distributions and most probable distribution ranges. Additionally you may predict changes in distributions based on projected climate change scenarios. You will use GIS and may use distribution modelling techniques such as Maxent.

 

The work will be done in Wageningen.    

 

Who are you?

You are an MSc student interested in forest ecology, forest use, forest management, and likes using GIS and data bases to help solving problems. Alternatively you are highly skilled in GIS and database use and likes to apply your knowledge to environmental issues.

Depending on your background and personal goals we may look for an additional supervisor (eg GIS specialist, Distribution modeling specialist). 

 

MSc project in plant-pathogen interactions

 

In our group we are working on enhancing the knowledge on plant defense mechanisms to various filamentous plant pathogens, with emphasis on disease problems in Scandinavia.

 

We are currently looking for a highly motivated student(s) who is interested in joining our work to optimize CRISPR-Cas 9 systems for knock-down of selected genes particularly in the pathogens. Such knowledge will greatly facilitate the understanding of what genes that are required to enable infection and disease development in plant hosts.

 

Project goals

1. Substantially improve current transformation procedures

2. Establish proof of concept constructs for modification of selected genes

3. Establish knock-down of selected genes

Follow-up work/project could have emphasis on identification of plant interacting proteins and plant modifications.

 

Required skills and interests

Strong interest in organism biology

Relevant courses in molecular genetics and gene technology

English is the language used in the department.

 

Extent

MSc projects in Sweden are done during the last semester in each MSc program covering at least 30 weeks of work. To be written up and be presented for general public at the BioCenter/Linne Centre.

 

Time period

We are flexible but prefer spring semester.

 

Information

More information about SLU and the Department of Plant Biology, see www.slu.se or https://www.slu.se/en/departments/plant-biology-forest-genetics/

For further details, contact Christina.Dixelius@slu.se

 

The queen of bites. Help us catch them!

Master Thesis

33-36 credits

Supervisors: Tessa Visser MSc, and Dr. Sander Koenraadt

Contact: tessa.visser@wur.nl

 

Requirements: at least one of the following courses, ENT-30806, ENT-51306, ENT-30306, ENT-54306

 

Mosquitoes play a key role in the disease transmission of diseases such as dengue, chikungunya and the recently emerged Zika virus. To prevent mosquito-borne disease it is important to gain more knowledge about the behaviour of these pesky biters.

We are looking for an inventive MSc student to help design a new behavioural assay for capturing Aedes aegypti. This mosquito species is vector of all diseases mentioned above. Aedes aegypti is especially dangerous because it’s preference for human blood. This research will contribute to a PhD project in which the final design will be used in a Biosafety level 3 facility to work with real Zika infected mosquitoes. But first we need to design the assay and gain important baseline information. You will work in a team with enthusiastic entomologists!

 

 

Learning outcome: performing behaviour studies, statistical analyses, mosquito rearing, design of experiments

 

 

Ecosystem Services Valuation in Lacandon Jungle, Mexico

39 credits

Supervisors: FEM group: Frans Bongers & Carolina Berget. 

Other organasation: dr Gerard Verschoor -SDG

Contact: Frans.Bongers@wur.nl

Duration: Second half 2018 till Spring 2019

Requirements: Standard for MSc thesis: FEM-30306 Forest Ecology and Forest Management; Or equivalent / Preferably also Social science methods

 

The general problem:

The search for alternatives to reconcile tradeoffs between biodiversity conservation, agricultural production and local livelihoods relies, among other things, on the understanding of what are the most valued ecosystem services.

 

The research consortia:

The FOREFRONT project, a joint initiative between Wageningen University, the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), El Colegio de la Frontera Sur in Mexico, and the Universidad de Minas Gerais in Brasil is exploring these topics for the case of tropical forests in Chiapas, Mexico.

 

MScThesis:

A MSc thesis can be undertaken within this context to assess what are the most valued ecosystem services by the local farmers in the Marques de Comillas Municipality in Chiapas Mexico.

 

Field Methods:

 

A standard protocol will be followed to undertake approx. 30 individual interviews to farmers from different locations within the study area. 

The individual interviews will depart from a fixed list of ecosystem services elaborated by the FOREFRONT team, and depicted into individual drawings by a graphic designer. Each interviewee will be asked to order the services from the most to the least important and to explain the reasons for this ordering. Basic socioeconomic information will be requested from each interviewee.

 

Analytical methods:

The resulting flipchart will be digitized and the position of each service will be used as a metric of its importance. The reasons associated to the choices will be analyzed using qualitative analyses. General patterns as well as differences among communities and types of interviewees will be explored.

 

Who can participate:

 

Students with very diverse backgrounds in biological sciences, environmental sciences, anthropology, sociology, economics, geography, rural development, philosophy are most welcome. Students need to be 100% proficient in spoken and written Spanish and be willing to live in rural tropical humid areas.

 

 

Effects of grazing and enhanced nutrients on the ecosystem services, resilience and competitive abilities of native and invasive seagrass.

Master thesis or internship

30, 33, 36 credits

Supervisors: F.O.H. Smulders (Fee.Smulders@wur.nl)

Contact info: Marine Ecology: Noël Diepens 0317-489701 (Noel.Diepens@wur.nl)

Begin date: September/October/November 2018

End date: 5 or 6 months after the begin date

 

In this project, you will research the impact of grazing and nutrients on the ecosystem services and the resilience (ability to recover from disturbance) of seagrass. As an invasive seagrass species (H. stipulacaea) is spreading in Bonaire, we also want to study competition between native (T. testudinum) and invasive seagrass. You will be part of a large Caribbean wide project on turtlegrass. Additionally, there are many options to design and carry out side experiments of your choice.

Used skills: Scientific diving, designing ecological experiments, nutrient analysis in the lab.

Requirements: Diving certificate (min. 30 dives), driver's license.

 

Understanding nutrient cycling in cocoa production systems in Ivory Coast (Theobroma cacao L.)

Master Thesis

33-36 credits

Supervisors: A. (Ambra) Tosto MSc; Prof. Dr. P.A. (Pieter) zuidema; L. S. (Lotte) Woittiez MSc

Contact: Ambra.tosto@wur.nl; pieter.zuidema@wur.nl; lotte.woittiez@wur.nl

Requirements: REG-31806 Ecological Methods I or other basic statistics course

 

Cacao is the most important export crop in west African countries, with Ivory Coast and Ghana producing 70% of the world production, mostly in smallholder plantations. Realized yields however are much less than the potential value calculated for the region. One of the suggested causes of this low yield is poor nutrient availability. To better understand possible nutrient limitations, basic information on nutrient cycling in the cocoa tree is required. 

 

Theobroma cacao is a cauliflorous species with flowers appearing both on the main stem and in the canopy. This project aims to understand and quantify the nutrient content (NPK) of organs of cocoa trees (fruit, leaves, stem, roots) and flows of nutrients (leaf loss, fruit harvest, root turnover) and to use this data to quantify a nutrient balance of cocoa production systems. Some basic information is available already from a previous MSc thesis study. 

 

The project comprises field work with a duration of 2-3 months in the research station of CNRA in Divo, Ivory coast. The field work consists of sample collection from different types of cocoa tissue within a newly set up experiment. Field work will be in November-December 2018 or June-July 2019. In addition, nutrient analyses will be conducted and interpreted, and optionally results may be used to update/expand a simple nutrient cycling model. 

 

Learning outcome: Cocoa nutrient cycling, statistical analyses, field work skills, simple nutrient modelling

 

Required skills: We are looking for an enthusiastic student, with very good adaptation skills and a working knowledge of French since in the research stations very few people speak English. 

 

Agroforestry/ Ecophysiology /Africa/ Tropical zone

 

Quantifying the effect of pruning on cocoa (Theobroma cacao) architecture in Ivory Coast

Master Thesis

33-36 credits

Supervisors: A. (Ambra) Tosto MSc; Prof. Dr. P.A. (Pieter) zuidema; Dr. J.B. (Jochem) Evers

Contact: Ambra.tosto@wur.nl; pieter.zuidema@wur.nl; jochem.evers@wur.nl

Requirements: REG-31806 Ecological Methods I

 

Cocoa (or cacao) is the most important export crop in west African countries: Ivory Coast and Ghana produce 70% of the world production, mostly by smallholder farmers.  Realized yield however falls way below the potential value calculated for the region. Pruning is suggested to be an effective measure to increase yield. It creates a more open canopy with greater penetration of light to lower levels in the cacao crowns. Little is known though about how cocoa responds to pruning and how this changes the 3D architecture of the tree. We are conducting a study on the effects of pruning on the architecture of cacao trees, in which we combine pruning experiments and plant modelling. 

 

This MSc project aims to explore methods to quantify the architecture of cacao trees and capture changes in architecture due to pruning. It will be conducted in an ongoing pruning experiment (first pruning in April 2018) in a 10-year old stand. 

 

Type of work

The project comprises field work for approximately 2 months in the research station of CNRA (National Agricultural Research Centre of Ivory Coast) in Divo, Ivory Coast. Field work will consist of measurements of dimensions (length, diameter) and orientation of stems and (main) branches. This will take place for both pruned and unpruned trees. 

 

Learning outcome

Understand and measure tree architecture, understand effects of pruning, statistical analyses, field work skills. 

 

Required skills

We are looking for an enthusiastic student, with very good adaptation skills and a working knowledge of French since in the research stations very few people speak English. 

 

Agroforestry/ Africa/ Tropical zone 

 

 

Join the Biodiversity Genomics Team for your internship in subtropical China!

As a Wageningen Biologist (graduated 2005), it is my pleasure to send out this invitation to BVW for internship applications! I am leading the Biodiversity Genomics Team at Guangxi University, hosted at the Plant Ecophysiology and Evolution Group (College of Forestry).

 

Within the Team we conduct research on some of the largest families of tropical trees which are complex clusters of young, closely related species with often poorly defined morphologies. Our goal is to quantify and assess patterns of genomic diversity, to unravel evolutionary relationships, reconstruct historical biogeography, speciation patterns and describe trends in assembly of the tropical forest biome. To this end, we apply the latest NextGen sequencing techniques, bioinformatics and technological advances (e.g. DoveTail, Nanopore). We don’t concern us with PCR-based single marker approaches but focus explicitly on collecting and sequencing on a large scale, targeting organellar genomes and specific whole genomes in key lineages. Our research involves extensive molecular laboratory work, computer analyses and bioinformatics, and periodical fieldwork in protected areas, botanical gardens and the permanent forest plot system of Guangxi University.

The Team has a growing herbarium collection of tropical tree specimens (BGT herbarium) which is under active construction (data basing/digitizing). A taxonomic angle to your internship is certainly possible, in combination with a molecular/genomic component.

 

During your internship, you will be exposed to all the aspects of the work we do, from fieldwork to the lab to learning how to write scripts and analyze data using genomic software. For us as a Team, our goal is to get you to leave at the end of your internship with one submitted article. So far, all Team members have succeeded in publishing in their first year, and given the amount of data available, this is a feasible target!

In principle, multiple positions are available, for periods of 3-6 months. Exact topics can be discussed via email. Housing is available through Guangxi University on our large Nanning City campus. Unfortunately, travel funding to cover your flight is not available. I recommend approaching funding bodies like the Wageningen University Fund, to apply for a travel grant. I was fortunate to obtain this when studying in Wageningen for a Philippines-based MSc.

 

Nanning is a large city (~5 million) and the new subway makes getting around easy. It is nicknamed “the Green City” and has a subtropical climate, with warm-hot summers and mild winters. The new international airport gets you to almost every regional Asian capital. By road, you can get to Hanoi or the coast in about 3-4 hours. Hong Kong is about 2 hours by plane.

 

Guangxi University is based on a very large and green campus, with about 20,000 students. Almost everyone lives on the campus and everything you need for daily life is available on site or near one of the campus gates (restaurants, fast food and coffee). Life in Nanning is not expensive – a meal at one of the 15! canteens on campus will set you back 1-3 euro.

 

The Team currently consists of 4 postdocs, 2 MSc and one PhD student. The College of Forestry is unique in Guangxi University for the cluster of foreign professors leading research teams staring in 2014. Since then, six teams have emerged with different backgrounds, and now we have a stable population of 35-40 (Chinese and foreign) faculty, postdocs, PhD and MSc students. In my team I have people from France, Spain, the US, Serbia, Ecuador, India and China. Other groups have members of Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Colombia, Madagascar, Malaysia and Cyprus, making our community highly diverse and dynamic. Daily language within the teams is English.

 

A picture impression of life on campus and some facilities is available here: http://www.plant-ecophysiology-evolution.com/contact-us/

If you’d like to learn more about coming to China and joining the Team for your internship, please send an email to jsstrijk@hotmail.com , and let’s see what we can do! We look forward to hearing from you.

 

Joeri Sergej Strijk

Associate Professor

Biodiversity Genomics Team

 

Guangxi University, Nanning, China 

 

Population viability of an endangered tree species in tropical China

Parashorea chinensis is a red-listed, endangered tropical forest tree, occurring in Southern China (Yunnan province) and Northern Vietnam. To assist in the conservation of this emergent tree species (which reaches up to 80 m in height), it would be helpful to know the viability of remaining populations. One of these remaining populations is located in Xishuangbanna region, Yunnan. In this area, a research institute (Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden) of the Chinese Academy of Science has established a 20-ha plot (400 × 500 m). The forest is dominated by Parashorea chinensis and all trees of 1 cm and bigger in diameter at breast height (dbh) in the 20-ha plot were tagged and measured. Repeated measurements have been conducted to estimate rates of growth, surival and recruitment. In this project you will answer the following questions: (1) what are estimated ages for this endangered species? (2) is the population in the 20-ha plot projected to increase or decrease over the coming decades? (3) what are the most important stages and vital rates in for the population? You will perform some field work to evaluate tree reproduction, spend time at the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden institute and perform matrix modelling analyses at Wageningen University. For more information, see http://tip.wur.nl/Project.php?ProjectID=3774  

 

Forest Ecology and Forest Management (FEM)

 

Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation Group

Are you interested in plant ecology, but also plant pathology?  This project combines the best of these fields! In nature there is a huge diversity of plants in grasslands (up to 89 species per m2!), but how is this maintained? Belowground pathogens are thought to be drivers of these diversity patterns, but we have yet to zoom in on the actual mechanisms. If we can better understand how this is regulated, we can also apply this knowledge to improve agricultural practices, where typically plant diversity is very low (monocultures) and disease pressure is high!

 

You will investigate potential belowground mechanisms of fungal root pathogens driving plant diversity. Depending on your own interests there are various options to design, perform, and analyse your own experiments with plants and fungi in climate chambers.

 

For more information, contact eline.ampt@wur.nl and/or see:

tip.wur.nl/Project.php?ProjectID=3558

 

 

Molecular ecology and live-bearing fish – several projects

Relevant research questions:

o Does multiple paternity occur in placental fish species? And in other live-bearing fish species?

o Is multiple paternity facilitated by superfetation (i.e. multiple broods in different developmental stages)?

o How do environmental pressures (e.g. water visibility, predator regime) influence polyandry in placental fish?

 

For more info see: http://www.wur.nl/en/article/Student-projects-Molecular-Ecology-Live-bearing-fish.htm

 

 

 


PhD and Internships

 

Discovery of taste qualities of beer and other food products using our novel receptomics technology

 

Recently published work from our group describes a novel sensing technology that has been developed at the lab of the Plant Sciences department Bioscience. See link below

Our bodies express a wide variety of receptors – proteins that detect substances and pass on signals to the cell to which they are linked. We have receptors in our nose and tongue for detecting aromas and flavours, for example, but also for hormones in our intestines which ensure that our intestinal cells take the proper action, such as absorbing or digesting a certain nutrient from the intestine. All these receptor proteins are encoded by genes in our DNA.

In this project the student will prepare DNA chips coding for a range of taste receptors. These DNA chips will be used to create a living cell array in a microfluidic system. This system allows the controlled exposure of samples like beer to the living cell array. Recordings from a fluorescence microscope form the basis for an activation fingerprint that allows us to identify specific taste qualities in the food products.

 

If you are interested to work in an dynamic lab and have affinity with molecular biology, cell biology and microscopy this project might be what you are looking for. We need master students with independent and inquisitive attitude, who feel at home in the lab but also have basic computer skills and good communication skills. This project provides you with the opportunity to gain hands on experience in many different fields from tissue culture to fluorescence microscopy and data processing. You will be trained in analytical thinking, experimental design and critical reflection.

 

Are you interested, please contact Margriet Roelse (margriet.roelse@wur.nl)

Website: www.receptomics.com

 

Studying the ecology of the striped mouse in South Africa

Contact at WUR: Dr. Anouschka Hof (REG) anouschka.hof@wur.nl

 

General information

The Succulent Karoo Research Station is located in the Goegap nature Reserve, South Africa. They have been studying the striped mouse for over a decade. Their aim is to understand the evolution of behavioral and physiological mechanisms that allow animals to respond adaptively to their changing natural environment. This will help us to understand how animals can respond to climate change. They use methods from ecology, behavioral ecology, physiology and evolutionary biology to understand how ultimate factors integrate with proximate mechanisms.

 

Several projects studying the striped mouse are available for internship students. Please look at this website for more information on the project http://stripedmouse.com/site1_2.htm

 

Work and life at the research station: The student also has to help with the general duties at the research station, such and maintenance and cleaning of the research station. Information about life at the research station: http://stripedmouse.com/documents/GeneralInformationResearchStationSept2013.pdf.

 

Memorandum of Agreement: A memorandum of agreement (MOA) describing what the student can expect from the Succulent Karoo Research Station and what we expect from the student has to be signed before onset of the internship.

 

Details of where the internship will be carried out: Succulent Karoo Research Station (SKRS) in Goegap Nature Reserve, near Springbok in the Northern Cape of South Africa: http://stripedmouse.com/site1_2_2.htm.

 

Costs: Travel to South Africa has to be covered by the student who should apply for a visa three months before onset of field work. Costs in South Africa have to be covered by the student and are approximately 450 Euro / month (Euro 125 for accommodation at the research station, Euro 250 for groceries, Euro 75 for extras).

 

Desired skills from student: Ability to work hard and independently. Good knowledge of English spoken and written. Knowledge in animal behaviour, ecology and evolution, experimental design and statistical analysis.

 

 

Skills student will learn: Several techniques of field work (trapping, marking of small mammals and use of GPS collars), collection of behavioural data, management skills (project and time management), statistical analysis, presentation of scientific results, improvement of English skills. 

 

Stagemogelijkheden bij de Vlinderstichting

Er zijn weer vele nieuwe stages en afstudeervakken beschikbaar bij de Vlinderstichting.  Wil jij weten welke stages dit zijn? Kijk dan in de onderwijsbrochure 2018-2019 voor de lijst. Deze lijst is te vinden op www.vlinderstichting.nl. Studenten kunnen ook een voorstel doen voor een eigen project, als dit binnen het werkgebied van De Vlinderstichting valt.

 

 

Ecosystem service assessment of polluted waterways: Towards theoretically well-embedded practical tools for water managers

Level: Master

Project duration: 6 months

Project form: Literature review / Data analysis

Supervision: Leonie Lautz, Jan Hendriks

Mail addresses: L.Lautz@science.ru.nl, A.J.Hendriks@science.ru.nl

 

The INTERREG project “Sullied sediments” seeks to asses and improve polluted waterways in the North Sea region (UK, D, B, NL) by developing monitoring and remediation techniques (http://northsearegion.eu/sullied-sediments/). In addition to several “standard” indicators for water and sediment quality, current and future status should be expressed in monetary units to weigh ecological against other (e.g., hydrological) benefits and remediation costs. While ecosystems services in wetlands are known to be high (e.g., Costanza et al. 1997), most assessments of waterways have been limited to eutrophication, physical reconstruction and related issues (Koopman et al. submitted). Expression of ecological benefits (or ecosystem services in a stricter sense) due to remediation of contaminated waterways in financial terms is rare (e.g., Backhaus et al. 2012). Yet, preliminary monetarization methods are becoming available (Brouwer 2004, Brouwer et al. 2008, Oosterhuis and Brouwer 2015).

 

So far, this has not yielded theoretically well-embedded and practically frequently used tool to assess waterway pollution. Hence, the aim of the present project is to derive a methodology to estimate ecosystem services as a function of changes in chemical concentrations and biological indicators (such as species richness and ecosystems functions). The number and kind of ecosystems services (fish and wood production, water purification, system stability etc.) to be included depends on the reliability of the methods used as well as on the input required.

 

To this end, you will first review literature to derive approaches that are frequently applied and theoretically well-embedded. Second, you will select a few promising approaches requiring input that is available to water managers. Third, you will apply the approaches to a few actual cases of sediment pollution and subsequent remediation in Western-Europe. Fourth, if allowed by time, you will compare the estimated benefits to the costs as well as to other (e.g., navigation, hydraulic) benefits.

 

The preferred outcome would be a set of rules, equations or numbers that allow a water manager to express reduction of chemical concentrations and/or improvements observed in toxicological assay and ecological field surveys in terms of financial benefits.